About British Gas
British Gas is an power as well as house providers in the
United Kingdom. It is the trading name of British Gas Services Limited and British Gas New
Heating Limited, both subsidiaries of Centrica.
Offering around twelve million homes in the United Kingdom, British Gas
is the largest power vendor in the nation as well as is considered one of
Big 6 controling the gas
and also electrical power market in the United Kingdom, according to the British Gas Wikipedia page.
History of British Gas
The Gas Light and Coke Company was the first utility
business worldwide. It wased established by Frederick Albert Winsor and also integrated by Royal Charter on 30
April 1812 under the seal of King George III
It remained to thrive for the following 136 years,
increasing right into domestic solutions
whilst taking in several
smaller companies including the Aldgate Gas Light and also Coke Business (1819 ), the City of London Gas Light as well as Coke
Business (1870 ), the Equitable Gas Light
Firm (1871 ), the Great Central Gas Customer's
Firm (1870 ), Victoria Docks Gas Firm (1871 ), Western
Gas Light Firm (1873 ), Imperial Gas Light as well
as Coke Company (1876 ), Independent Gas Light
and also Coke Business (1876 ), the London
Gas Light Business (1883 ), Richmond Gas Company (1925 ), Brentford Gas Firm (1926 ), Pinner Gas Company (1930) as well as Southend-on-Sea as
well as District Gas Business (1932 )
On 1 Might 1949, the GLCC became the major part of the new North
Thames Gas Board, one of Britain's twelve local gas board
after the death of the Gas Act 1948
In the very early 1900s, the gas market in the
UK was mostly run by
region councils as well as tiny
exclusive firms. Currently making use of a flammable gas
(often known as "town gas") piped to residences
as a gas was still being marketed to consumers, by such
methods as the National Gas Congress and also
Exhibit in 1913. The gas made use of in
the 19th and early 20th centuries was
coal gas, yet in the period of 1967-- 77, British
residential coal gas supplies were
replaced by natural gas.
In 1948, Clement Attlee's Labour government reshaped the gas market,
generating the Gas Act 1948. The act (on the vesting day
of 1 April 1949) nationalised the gas sector in the UK and 1,062 privately
possessed and also metropolitan gas firms were combined
right into twelve location gas boards, each a separate body with its own administration structure.
The twelve gas boards were: Eastern, East Midlands,
Northern, North Eastern, North Thames, North West, Scottish, Southern, South
Eastern, South West, Wales, and also West Midlands. Each
area board was divided right into
geographical groups or departments which were often more divided right into smaller sized districts. These boards merely ended up being referred to as the "gas board", a term still occasionally utilized when
describing British Gas.
On top of that,
the Gas Act established the Gas Council, its constitution was such
that control lay effectively with the
location boards. The council contained a
chair as well as replacement chair, both assigned by the minister, and the chairs of each of the twelve area boards.
The council worked as a channel of interaction with the preacher;
embarked on work negotiations; carried out
research; and also worked as speaker for the gas industry generally.
The Gas Act 1965 shifted the
equilibrium of power to the centre: it put the Gas Council on the
very same footing as the location boards,
with the powers to borrow approximately ₤ 900
million, to make or obtain gas and also to provide gas wholesale to any location board.
In May 1968, the Gas Council relocated to huge brand-new offices at 59 Bryanston Street, Marble Arch, London.
In the early 1970s, the gas industry was again reorganized after
the Gas Act 1972 was passed. The act merged all the
location boards and produced the
British Gas Corporation.
From its creation, the firm was accountable for
growth as well as maintenance of the supply of gas to Great Britain, along with
pleasing the sensible
demand for gas throughout the nation. Its leadership,
like that of the location boards, was designated and also
managed by the Secretary of State for Trade as well as Market till 1974, when those
powers were vested in the freshly
developed setting of Secretary of State for
Federal government led by Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher
introduced the Gas Act 1986, in which resulted
in the privatisation of the firm,
as well as on 8 December 1986, its shares floated
on the London stock market as British Gas
plc. In the hope of encouraging individuals to become
investors, the deal was advertised with the "If you see Sid ... Tell him!"
The initial public offering of 135p
each share valued the firm at ₤ 9 billion, the highest equity offering ever before at the time.
In February 1997, eleven years after it had actually
been privatised, British Gas demerged to become the completely separate BG Group as well as the
Gas Sales as well as Gas Trading,
Providers as well as Retail companies. The Gas Sales as well as Gas Trading and also Solutions and also
Retail companies, together with the gas manufacturing company of the North and also South Morecambe gas
areas, were transferred to Centrica, whichremains to possess and
run the British Gas retail brand name. British Gas
obtained Dyno-Rod in October 2004.
British Gas is led by its Managing Director, Mark Hodges, who supervises a service that
gives power and
services to eleven million residences, and also uses over 28,000 staff based across the UK. In
Could 2007, British Gas signed a landmark deal which saw 1,000 Volkswagen Caddy vans being supplied to the firm, which were fitted with a bespoke racking
system as well as a speed limiter, designed by Siemens. The offer was
restored in September 2015.
In April 2016, it was revealed that
224,000 domestic customers had left the company, citing clients coming to the end of
their fixed offers and then proceeding to
various other providers as the major reason for this loss.
In the same month (April 2016)
British Gas also introduced
they would be shutting a phone call centre and also workplace in
Oldbury (West Midlands), with a loss of about
British Gas Marketing, Sponsorship and Advertising.
British Gas has actually proactively been
associated with sporting activities sponsorship,
consisting of a six-year handle
the British swimming group which began in March
2009, and is expected to net the
group ₤ 15 million as well as from 2006 to 2009, it
funded the Southern Football Organization of England.
television advertising has
actually included many
high profile individuals, and also in the early 1990s, one advertisement included
Cheryl Tweedy as a small child,
greater than ten years before the beginning
of her popular song profession.
In November 2012, the Info
Commissioner's Workplace openly
detailed British Gas as one of a variety of companies that it had worries
concerning as a result of unwanted phone conversation for
advertising. The concerns
were based upon problems. In
response, British Gas claimed
that "We promote the
highest possible criteria when calling people in their homes, and also only use get in touch with info if
we have reveal authorization
to do so.".
In July 2014, regulator Ofgem
got to an agreement with British Gas for the
firm to pay ₤ 1 million in payment to numerous individuals,
that had actually been recommended to switch over from other
vendors to British Gas by British Gas
overstated claims. On 20 September
2015, British Gas released an advert, including their
brand-new mascot, Wilbur the Penguin.
Distribution network drivers.
British Gas is an energy provider for houses throughout the
nation. The facilities (
pipelines) which supplies the gas to
customers is had and also
preserved by various other business. They
do not, however, handle
the network of towers and also cable televisions that disperses electricity-- these are maintained by
distribution network operators (DNOs) which
differ from area to region. If, for example, there is a power failure it
is essential to speak to the ideal DNO rather than the power vendor.